Markets Staying in Consolidation after BoC and BoJ, ECB Next

Consolidative trading continues in the forex markets in general. Canadian Dollar spiked higher after more hawkish than expected BoC overnight, but there was no follow through buying. BoJ’s decision to stand pat triggered little reactions. Expectation of an earlier RBA rate hike intensified after the central bank let target yield surges sharp today. Yet, Aussie basically shrugs off the news. Focus will now turn to ECB meeting today.

Technically, broadly speaking, near term outlook in Yen and, to a lesser extent, Dollar remain bearish. Focus is mainly on the timing of breakout. For that, we’ll pay more attention to related commodity currency pairs. In particular 0.7545 temporary top in AUD/USD, 1.2286 temporary low in USD/CAD, 86.24 temporary top in AUD/JPY and 93.00 temporary top in CAD/JPY. Break of these level could lead the return of selling in Yen and Dollar.

In Asia, at the time of writing, Nikkei is down -0.95%. Hong Kong HSI is down -0.09%. China Shanghai SSE is down -0.93%. Singapore Strait Times is down -0.39%. Japan 10-year JGB yield is down -0.0058 at 0.092. Overnight, DOW dropped -0.74%. S&P 500 dropped -0.51%. NASDAQ closed flat. 10-year yield dropped notably by -0.090 to 1.529.

Hawkish BoC ended QE, indicates earlier rate hike

The BoC surprised to the hawkish side at the October meeting overnight. Policymakers announced to end the QE program and begin the reinvestment process, compared with consensus of a reduction to the weekly purchase of CAD1B. While leaving the overnight rate unchanged at the effective lower bound of 0.25%, the timing for the first rate hike was pushed forward. While downgrading GDP growth forecasts for this year and 2022, inflation projections were revised higher through to 2023.

Suggested readings on BoC

BoJ stands pat, downgrades 2021 GDP and CPI forecasts

BoJ kept monetary policy unchanged today as widely expected. Under the yield curve control framework, short-term policy interest rate is held at -0.1%. 10-year yield target is maintained at around 0%, with JGB purchases without upper limit. It also reiterated that BoJ will continue with QQE with YCC “as long as it is necessary” for maintaining inflation at 2% target in a stable manner. It will also continue expanding the monetary base core CPI exceeds 2% and stays above in a stable manner.

Economic projections comparing to July forecast:

  • Fiscal 2021 GDP growth downgraded from 3.8% to 3.4%.
  • Fiscal 2022 GDP growth upgraded from 2.7% to 2.9%.
  • Fiscal 2023 GDP growth unchanged at 1.3%.
  • Fiscal 2021 CPI core downgraded from 0.6% to 0.0%.
  • Fiscal 2022 CPI core unchanged at 0.9%.
  • Fiscal 2023 CPI core unchanged at 1.0%.

Also from Japan, retail sales dropped -0.6% yoy in August, versus expectation of -2.3% yoy.

Markets expect earlier RBA rate hike as it let yield surge

Australian bond yields surge sharply today after RBA skipped the asset purchases to defend the 0.10% April 2024 yield target. Yield on April 2024 AGS more than doubled to above 0.5%. Meanwhile, 3-year AGS yield extended recent rally and accelerated to as high as 1.19%.

The development prompted speculations that RBA would change its forward guidance to indicate that conditions for rate hike could come earlier than 2024. Westpac said it now confirm its expectation that RBA hike would come in February 2023. CBA is expecting a November 2022 hike while ANZ is forecasting a hike in H2 of 2023.

Separately, RBA Deputy Governor Guy DeBelle told the Senate today, “the monetary policy settings we have in place, as do other central banks around the world, are looking to generate a little higher inflation than we have seen over the last five, six years, as well generate more jobs.” Nevertheless, he added, “a little bit more inflation is welcome, a lot more inflation isn’t.”

ECB to stand pat, some previews

ECB is widely expected to keep monetary policy unchanged today. The central bank might shed some light on asset purchases after the end of the emergency program PEPP next March. But the details on what to follow will only be revealed at the December meeting, together with new economic projections. There are some expectations that the flexibility of the original APP would be increased, but this is far from being certain.

There are also speculations of an earlier rate hike, with market pricing it to happen by 2022 year end. But President Christine Lagarde would likely talk down such expectations. Instead, ECB would just reiterate that the policy rates would “remain at their present or lower levels until it sees inflation reaching 2% well ahead of the end of its projection horizon and durably for the rest of the projection horizon and judges that realized progress in underlying inflation is sufficiently advanced to be consistent with inflation stabilizing at 2% over the medium term”.

Some previews on ECB:


Germany unemployment and CPI, and Eurozone economic sentiment will be released in European session. Later in the day, US will release GDP, jobless claims and pending home sales.

USD/CAD Daily Outlook

Daily Pivots: (S1) 1.2299; (P) 1.2365; (R1) 1.2429; More

USD/CAD is still staying in consolidation above 1.2286 temporary low despite some jitters. Intraday bias remains neutral first. Upside of recovery should be limited by 1.2497 resistance to bring fall resumption. On the downside, break of 1.2286 will resume the fall from 1.2947 to 161.8% projection of 1.2947 to 1.2492 from 1.2894 at 1.2158 next.

In the bigger picture, the rejection by 38.2% retracement of 1.4667 to 1.2005 at 1.3022 argues that rebound from 1.2005 is merely a corrective rise, which is complete. More importantly, the down trend from 1.4667 (2020 high) is not over yet. Sustained break of 1.2005 will extend the down trend to next long term fibonacci level at 61.8% retracement of 0.9406 to 1.4689 at 1.1424. In any case, outlook will not turn bullish as long as 1.2947 resistance holds.

Economic Indicators Update

GMT Ccy Events Actual Forecast Previous Revised
23:50 JPY Retail Trade Y/Y Aug -0.60% -2.30% -3.20%
00:30 AUD Import Price Index Q/Q Q3 5.40% 3.60% 1.90%
02:45 JPY BoJ Rate Decision -0.10% -0.10% -0.10%
07:55 EUR Germany Unemployment Rate Oct 5.40% 5.50%
07:55 EUR Germany Unemployment Change Oct -20K -30K
09:00 EUR Eurozone Economic Sentiment Indicator Oct 116.9 117.8
09:00 EUR Eurozone Services Sentiment Oct 16.5 15.1
09:00 EUR Eurozone Industrial Confidence Oct 12.5 14.1
09:00 EUR Eurozone Consumer Confidence Oct F -4.8 -4.8
11:45 EUR ECB Rate Decision 0.00% 0.00%
12:00 EUR Germany CPI M/M Oct P 0.50% 0.00%
12:00 EUR Germany CPI Y/Y Oct P 4.40% 4.10%
12:30 EUR ECB Press Conference
12:30 USD Initial Jobless Claims (Oct 22) 289K 290K
12:30 USD GDP Annualized Q3 P 2.60% 6.70%
12:30 USD GDP Price Index Q3 P 5.30% 6.10%
14:00 USD Pending Home Sales M/M Sep 2.10% 8.10%
14:30 USD Natural Gas Storage 86B 92B

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